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Legalizing Cannabis: What We Know So Far

After years of prohibition, cannabis is finally set to be legalized in Canada in the summer of 2018. Here’s our primer on what we know so far about the process of legalizing cannabis in Canada. 

Aiming to reduce illegal distribution and underage consumption, Canada is set to legalize the recreational consumption of cannabis by the end of the summer. As the final vote on Bill C-45 is set for June 7, 2018, Canadians have much to consider in a short amount of time.[i] From provincial policies, legal implications and regional differences, the legalization of cannabis is sure to affect the whole country.

Shaping policies

As Bill C-45 is set to legalize recreational use of cannabis in Canada, provinces and territories have an opportunity to shape policies to best accommodate users while managing negative responses and perceptions. With perceptions of cannabis as diverse as the people in Canada, creating policies for the legalization of cannabis use can be challenging. It will take input from government officials, health professionals and law enforcement to design policies to limit substance abuse while keeping cannabis out of the hands of minors.

Legal implications

With the goal of stamping out the cannabis black market in Canada, legalization sets to regulate distribution of the substance. However, though legalization intends to limit illegal sales and distribution, there are other legal concerns that arise from Bill-C45, including operating a motor vehicle while impaired. With no current consensus on how long it takes to be able to drive safely after consuming cannabis,[ii] and no 100% effective way to test for cannabis impairment in drivers, there are still many regulatory questions that have yet to be settled.

Regional outlook

Although the production of cannabis will be regulated by the federal government, individual provinces are responsible for determining age restrictions and seller regulations. Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick will rely on the provincial government for sales, while provinces including Alberta and Manitoba will provide licenses for private retailers.[iii] Provinces and territories will also control limitations for growing cannabis in personal residences, where cannabis can be consumed and personal possession limits.[iv]

Myth vs. reality

Though some may believe that there will be consumption of cannabis throughout the streets of major cities across Canada come summer 2018, this is not the case. Much like regulations surrounding alcohol, there will be rules and regulations not only surrounding sales of the substance, but also the end user’s consumption habits. Legalization is designed to better regulate the distribution of cannabis, keeping the substance away from minors and decreasing organized crimes.

Though Bill C-45 has its critics, with the co-operation of policymakers and law enforcement, policies can be formed with the best interest of the Canadian public in mind.

Join us as we examine the legalization of cannabis in Canada in our blog series examining organizational policy and job opportunities.

To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employer resources page on our website.


[i] https://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/pot-could-be-legal-june-7-but-sales-delayed-until-at-least-august-senator-1.3808111

[ii] https://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-drive/culture/commuting/how-much-marijuana-can-i-have-and-still-be-safe-to-drive/article27897258/

[iii] https://globalnews.ca/news/3867467/marijuana-legalization-canada-progress/

[iv] http://www.opha.on.ca/getmedia/6b05a6bc-bac2-4c92-af18-62b91a003b1b/The-Public-Health-Implications-of-the-Legalization-of-Recreational-Cannabis.pdf.aspx?ext=.pdf

 

Cannabis – A Shift in Perception

With the legalization of cannabis only a couple months away, many Canadians still have reservations about its accessibility and the effects its consumption will have on the workplace.

In the past few years, Canadians have experienced a growing reliance on the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. Its usage for treatment of pain, relief of cancer symptoms, and epilepsy has paved the way for the legalization of cannabis and has slowly altered the way the general public perceives the historically illegal substance.

Though studies show the majority of Canadians agree with its legalization[i], recreational use of cannabis still has its critics. Here, we examine three areas of concern related to the legalization of cannabis and its impact on the workplace.

Managing a “high” workplace

Though employers must accommodate employees who have prescriptions to use medicinal marijuana, the imminent legalization of cannabis brings up concerns about controlling recreational use at work. Employers have the right to set limitations on the consumption of cannabis on work property in line with a drug-free workplace policy. The policy should outline disciplinary action for offenders in attempts to prohibit impairment on the job.

Managing the credibility of employers and employees

Regardless of the pending legalization, or the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes, there is still a stigma surrounding the consumption of cannabis. Once legal, employers should make attempts to change policy vocabulary. For example,  the substance should no longer be defined as “illegal” to recognize the legislated reality and to help shift perceptions away from traditionally negative views of recreational consumption by employees.

Negotiating differences in perceptions across demographics

Cannabis purchases vary based on demographics, with 25-44 year-olds accounting for 40% of the purchases while the 45-64 year-old group accounts for only 23% of cannabis purchases.[ii] Though this number has grown, the large gap in consumption between the age groups indicates greater acceptance towards cannabis from the 25-44 year-old demographic. By instituting a drug-free workplace policy, employers can accommodate the varying perceptions of cannabis across your workforce.

Regardless of the varied perceptions, the legalization of cannabis is imminent, and with it, proposed preventative measures instituting proper control of substance distribution and consumption will be introduced that seek to allay negative perceptions of the legalization of cannabis. Employers can also respond to shifting perceptions with clear workplace policies for their employees.

To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employer resources page on our website.


For more information on how this budding industry will affect organizational policy and job opportunities, stay tuned to our series examining the legalization of cannabis in Canada.

[i] http://www.macleans.ca/society/majority-of-canadians-support-marijuana-legalization-says-survey/

[ii] http://business.financialpost.com/commodities/agriculture/canadians-spent-c5-7-billion-on-cannabis-in-2017-statistics-canada

 

Sustainable Energy and Engineers

The green movement is increasing pressure on governments and industry alike to develop efficient renewable energy sources. Engineers play a crucial role in the development and implementation of these sustainable energy sources. 

In a conscious effort to minimize the use of fossil fuels that are harmful to our environment, we are moving towards a greater reliance on re-useable energy sources including solar, wind, geothermal and hydroelectric. The growth of these areas has increased job opportunities for both recent graduates and experienced engineers.

Solar engineers

The falling costs of materials and new technologies have resulted in great growth for solar energy, making it one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy.[i] Many are opting to incorporate solar panels into their projects not only for the positive impact on the environment but also due to the reduction in monthly energy bills, potential government subsidies and tax incentives. Solar engineers plan, design and implement solar panel systems for projects ranging from home-owners’ rooftop installations to major city projects.

Wind engineers

Large wind turbines harness wind power to produce electricity for utilities. This is a growing area, with the Canadian Wind Energy Association noting that wind energy infrastructure installation outpaced all other energy projects between 2006 to 2017.[ii]  Wind engineers focus on the design of turbines and wind farms, rotor blades, electrical systems and overall energy production. Due to the complexity of wind turbines, to construct efficient wind farms, wind engineers rely on the assistance of aerospace, civil, electrical, environmental, industrial and mechanical engineers.

Geothermal engineers

Unlike solar and wind energies, geothermal energy is available 365 days a year, as it is created from the heat from the earth’s surface.[iii] The energy is predominately generated in the United States and Iceland, with geothermal heat pumps that can tap into the earth’s surface to provide enough energy to heat and cool buildings.[iv] Geothermal engineers are responsible for creating the processes and equipment that converts this heat into renewable energy.

Hydroelectric engineers

Hydropower is the oldest large-scale system for generating electricity.[v]

As hydropower accounts for 63% of Canadian’s electricity,[vi] hydropower engineers play an essential role in providing the electricity we use on a daily basis. Hydropower engineers are responsible for the design, construction, maintenance and production of hydropower facilities such as river dams. These engineers look for ways to modernize older hydropower technologies, making them more efficient while minimizing the impact on the environment.

As concerns about climate change and global warming continue to grow, greater pressure is placed on engineers to design and implement new and efficient ways to harvest sustainable energies.

To learn more about these renewable energy sources, or to start your career in a sustainable engineering field contact Adecco today!

To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employment resources page on our website.


[i] https://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/solar-energy-is-fastest-growing-source-of-power-1.3618361

[ii] https://canwea.ca/wind-facts/why-wind-works/

[iii] https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/geothermal-energy/

[iv] https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/geothermal-energy/

[v]https://www.engineering.com/ElectronicsDesign/ElectronicsDesignArticles/ArticleID/5761/Hydropower-Energy-Harvesting.aspx

[vi]https://www.engineering.com/ElectronicsDesign/ElectronicsDesignArticles/ArticleID/5761/Hydropower-Energy-Harvesting.aspx

 

The Opportunities of Virtual and Augmented Reality

Continuous advancements in technology have allowed for exponential growth in virtual and augmented reality. Showing up in many industries — no longer just in gaming! — it’s clear that this technology is gaining a foothold in our everyday lives. And with its growing popularity, virtual and augmented reality are proving to be an exciting area for job growth.

Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are related but very different concepts. While VR is used to block out the physical world and replace it with a “virtual” sphere, AR overlays visuals on the user’s actual view of the physical world by adding computer graphics to the user’s device.

With the International Data Corporation forecasting global spending on VR and AR technology to grow from $5.2 billion this year to more than $210 billion CAD annually by the end of the decade, it’s clear that VR and AR are here to stay.[i] Here are just some of the ways that this technology is touching our lives.

Games and Entertainment

VR: Video games continue to be one of the most popular uses of VR. With the ability to place the player directly into the avatar’s body, it’s a more exciting and engaging way to game.

AR: AR found its footing in the gaming industry with Pokémon Go, and continues to grow with a variety of cell phone apps appealing to all demographics. From catching Pokémon to creating meme-worthy dancing hot dog videos on Snapchat, AR has become an extremely popular phone app category.

Education and Training Resources

VR: With the ability to mimic real-life scenarios, VR can simulate the way equipment responds, machinery works and humans react. This makes VR a valuable educational and training resource by allowing the individual to practice responses to situations in a simulated environment.

AR: Just as AR allows users to overlay graphics, it also gives them the ability to overlay information. This means students and employees can access information in real time, ultimately providing an opportunity to increase efficiency in education and training.

The Purchase Decision

VR: Car companies are already using VR as a sales tool. For example, customers at Audi car dealerships can visit a sales floor, “build” their vehicle and sit inside it for a virtual test drive. Using VR in this way allows the customer to experience their purchase before spending anything.

AR: AR can be used to immerse and engage potential buyers by providing consumers with details and information to make an informed purchase. It can also assist consumers with product discovery, providing additional information on what items can or should be used for.

Marketing Strategy

VR: Marketers are only just starting to harness the benefits of VR to create engaging experiences for their customers. With the ability to provide personalized content that the user can interact with and manipulate, VR gives companies another dimension in which to engage customers.

AR: Apps such as Snapchat and Instagram provide marketing opportunities to companies by using filters or geotags to promote their brand, products or messaging. With the launch of Snapchat’s Lens Studio, companies can create their own AR filters for users to share. By applying these filters to their images or videos, the user becomes an ambassador for the company, marketing the product to their friends and contacts.

Whether it’s virtual or augmented reality, the increase in supporting technology has secured a mainstream spot for these new dimensions of living. With the financial backing of major companies such as Facebook and Google[ii] and over 600 million mobile devices that are AR capable[iii], it is evident that augmented reality will play a huge role in the future of technology, thus creating a more informed end-user, capable of anything with little more than the use of their cell phone.

Looking for your start in the AR and VR fields? Roevin has you covered. Contact us today and make your career goals a reality!

To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employment resources page on our website.


[i] https://www.scalar.ca/en/blog/how-are-canadian-businesses-preparing-for-augmented-reality/

[ii] https://www.ctvnews.ca/entertainment/gimmick-or-game-changer-is-virtual-reality-the-future-of-film-1.3640037

[iii] https://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2018/2/retailers-will-embrace-augmented-reality-in-2018

Women in STEM. Closing the Gender Gap

Although the STEM fields have historically been male dominated, many are mindful that it’s time to bridge the gender gap and work towards encouraging female innovators and leaders of the next generation to explore opportunities in this field.

Women have accounted for 30% of employment growth in STEM since 2010, but still make up less than one-quarter of employment in these occupations. The persistence of low female representation will bear a larger and larger economic cost with time. [iv]

To promote the willingness and inclusion of women in STEM, everyone has a role to play to shift away from keeping the status quo it being a field that is male dominated, and, encourage and spark the interest of females early on.

Parents

Parents hold an impactful role in creating an open dialogue with children to address gender stereotyping. Parents should encourage children to explore different interests and provide them with means to do so, which can be as simple as investing in educational toys that foster a healthy interest in technology and science. Make the connections between your child’s interests and possible career options. Provide resources, extracurricular activities and any additional educational assistance to help the younger generation reach their academic and career goals. To assist parents, Engineers Canada has started programs to hello young girls explore engineering programs, including a crest for Girl Guides and its support for the Engendering Success in STEM research consortium.

Educators

With only one in five of engineering program graduates being women — identical to statistics from 10 years ago[i] — it’s apparent that adjustments are needed as it relates to our teaching approaches to provide a gender balance in the STEM fields.

In computer science and math, a mere one in four graduates are women – which is less than 20 years ago.[ii]

Educators can review current lesson plans to ensure they are enticing to both genders. This may include collaborative group work or hands on lessons to help girls develop an interest and confidence in STEM related subjects. Educators can also provide information on the full range of career options available within the STEM fields to peak the interest of young girls and boys alike early on.

The media

From Bill Nye the Science Guy, to the heavily male dominated cast of MythBusters, the media continues to play a role in gender stereotyping. Engineers and Scientists are frequently represented by men in the media — playing a part in how youth view gender representations in society. Rather than continuing down this path, we can leverage the media to highlight females who have made strides in their respective STEM industries, providing other females with role models. A great example of a positive female representation in STEM was with the 2017 release of the movie Hidden Figures. Based on the true story of the lives of three women working at NASA during the “space race” of the 1960’s, it provides an insight into the female contributions to STEM.

Employers

Employers continue to hold a large role in closing the gender gap.

With less than 13% of practicing licensed engineers being women,[iii] greater efforts can be made by hiring managers to diversify their employees. Although women in STEM occupations generally earn more than women in other positions, they still earn less than their male counterparts.[iv] Companies must be mindful of these division of wages — developing objective metrics and holding themselves accountable for meeting them. Fair wages combined with the recognition of accomplishments will assist in providing women with a sense that they can succeed in an industry, even if it is male dominated.

As a society we need to make a conscious effort to continue to draw females into this under-represented field.  Ultimately, this will lessen the skills gap. Collectively, we need to place greater efforts on continuing to expand strategies that will lessen the gender gap and encourage women to pursue careers in STEM.

For more information on how to close the STEM gender gap, or to start your next STEM career, contact Adecco today!

To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employment resources page on our website.


[i] https://globalnews.ca/news/3739338/women-stem-lower-paying-jobs/

[ii] https://globalnews.ca/news/3739338/women-stem-lower-paying-jobs/

[iii] https://engineerscanada.ca/diversity/women-in-engineering

[iv] https://economics.td.com/domains/economics.td.com/documents/reports/bc/wistem/Women-and-STEM.pdf

 

Top Trending Engineering Jobs

With demand increasing for technology, science and computing, engineering candidates are a hot commodity. We’ve got insight on the upcoming years’ trending engineering roles that offer competitive salaries and job security.

Civil Engineer

With the population continuously increasing, our infrastructure will require growth to support it. This includes the maintenance and construction of new roadways, management of water supply, waste filtration and residential real estate development. This career path means that you’ll be creating new infrastructures in a healthy economy and maintaining and repairing the existing infrastructure in a recessed economy — making it virtually recession proof!


Environmental Engineers

Unsurprisingly, with an increase in socio-economic pressures for sustainable energy, environmental engineers are in high demand. Their jobs include applying their knowledge of natural science to develop solutions for air and water pollution, recycling, waste management and green energy. An increasingly environmentally conscious civilization means environmental engineers have the opportunity to implement changes that better our society and world.


Software Engineers

From cell phones, to cars, to household appliances, these days a computer can be found in everything! With an emphasis on cloud technology and mobile computing, software engineers develop new systems and apps, increase cyber security and create code — making this industry extremely profitable for budding engineers with an interest in math.

“Digital technologies and artificial intelligence will become more closely integrated with all aspects of the traditional engineering sectors. Therefore, engineers who can expand and develop their expertise in this area beyond their current knowledge base will be in very high demand” – Mark Matters, Senior Vice President, Roevin


Petroleum and Chemical Process Engineers

In attempts to recover oil/gas where engineers have retired or left the industry, petroleum and chemical process engineers remain in high demand. Petroleum engineers conduct studies for new oil and gas fields, oversee drilling operations and develop production equipment. While chemical engineers develop processes that turn raw material into product. These engineers apply economic and environmental practices to ensure oil fields are efficient, safe and cost effective.

For more information on trending jobs, or to get started on your engineering career today, contact Adecco today!


To view more of our blogs and articles, visit our Employment resources page on our website.