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Employment Report – July 2013


The national unemployment rate:

Labour Force Statistics July 2013 - Graph 1

In June, employment was virtually unchanged and the unemployment rate remained at 7.1%. In the first half of 2013, employment growth averaged 14,000 per month, slower than the average of 27,000 in the last six months of 2012.

Over this 12-month period, employment grew by 1.4% (+242,000), and the total number of hours worked increased by 0.6%.

In June, Manitoba and Saskatchewan saw an increase in employment, while it declined in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

Employment rose in professional, scientific and technical services, and declined in accommodation and food services as well as information, culture and recreation.

Student Summer Employment*

Employment decreased by 39,000 in July

Graph 2

Among returning students aged 20 to 24, the employment rate  was 69.7% in July, similar to the rate observed in July 2012. Their unemployment rate was 9.1%, little changed from the previous year.

The employment rate for 17 to 19 year old students was 59.0% in July, similar to the rate observed 12 months earlier. Their unemployment rate, at 16.8%, was little changed from the previous year.

The labour market for students aged 15 to 16 remained difficult in July 2013. Their employment rate was 28.6%, the lowest since 1977, when data became available. The unemployment rate for these students was 30.0%, similar to the rate observed 12
months earlier.

*From May to August, the Labour Force Survey collects labour market data about young people aged 15 to 24 who were attending school full time in March and who intend to return to school full time in the fall.

In July, employment declined in Quebec, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Manitoba as well as in Newfoundland and Labrador. At the same time, there were increases in Alberta, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan.

British Columbia

There were 12,000 fewer employed in July, and the unemployment rate rose 0.4 percentage points to 6.7%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province was virtually unchanged.

Nova Scotia

Following three months of little change, employment fell by 4,100 in July. The unemployment rate for the month was unchanged at 9.0%, as fewer people participated in the labour market. On a year-over-year basis, employment was little changed in this province.


Employment in Alberta increased by 17,000, the third notable increase in four months. With this gain, the unemployment rate fell 0.5 percentage points to 4.5%. Year-over-year employment growth was 3.0%, the bulk of which occurred in 2013.


Employment rose for the second consecutive month, up 3,000 in July. Despite this gain, the unemployment rate was up 0.3 percentage points to 4.0%, as more people searched for work. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew by 3.9%, the highest growth rate of all provinces.


The number of workers in Quebec declined by 30,000, pushing the unemployment rate up 0.3 percentage points to 8.2%. On a year-over-year basis, employment grew 1.2%, similar to the national average of 1.3%, with all the growth occurring in the last five months of 2012.


Employment was little changed in July and the unemployment rate was 7.6%. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment in the province was up 1.2%.


There were 47,000 fewer people employed in health care and social assistance in July, following steady growth since May 2012. With the decline in July, employment in this industry is back to a level similar to that of 12 months earlier.

In public administration, employment fell 23,000 in July. Compared with July 2012, employment was little changed, as declines in the past five months offset the gains observed earlier in the 12-month period.

Employment in information, culture and recreation decreased for the second consecutive month, down 21,000 in July. As a result, employment in this industry is down 4.2% or 33,000 from 12 months earlier.

Employment rose by 29,000 in business, building and other support services in July. Compared with 12 months earlier, employment grew by 6.2 (+43,000), one of the highest growth rates among all industries.

There was little change in the number of private sector employees and the self-employed. On a year-over-year basis, public sector employment was little changed, while the number of private sector employees increased 1.5% and the number of self-employed rose by 2.4%.

Industry highlights in July 2013

Labour Force Statistics July 2013 - Graph 3

Source: Statistics Canada

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